Petroleum Geoscience & Formation Evaluation

Course name:

Petroleum Geoscience & Formation Evaluation

Course level:

Fundamental level



Target Audience:

  • Diploma or Undergraduate degree holders from any discipline
  • Working Professionals in Energy Sector
  • Candidates with Engineering experience, who are interested about the Subject matter

Entry requirements:

The candidates should be either a diploma or undergraduate degree holder or pursuing such a degree while applying.

Application procedure:

Students need to make a formal application via KIER website no later than a week before commencement of classes. After their application & qualifications are assessed, they will be invited to pay the fee and confirm their seat.

Number of seats:

30 per batch

Course description:

This 2 weeks course is designed to provide an in-depth understanding about petroleum geology & formation evaluation to non geologists. This course starts by providing a basic understanding about the earth’s rock types, their formation process and the tectonic movements. It explains the rock deformation and subsequent the formation of folds & faults & their importance. It provides an in-depth knowledge about reservoir rocks, their formation, types, characters and features. It also explains how crude is formed from sediment deposits and their migration phases.It concludes by detailing various formation evaluation tests and various logging performed on a reservoir.

Course content:

  • Petroleum Geoscience
    1. Basic Geology
      • Earth’s structure
      • Plate tectonics
      • Conveyor belt principle
      • Divergent, convergent & transform margins
      • Rock types and their formation process
      • Classification of sedimentary rocks
      • Sedimentary rock formation & classification – In-depth
    2. Geological time
      • Relative time
      • Laws governing relative time
      • Classification of relative time
      • Absolute time
      • Principle behind determining Absolute time
      • Magnetic reversal of time scale
    3. Rock deformation
      • Folds & types of folds
      • Fractures & types of fractures
      • Formation of each type of folds & fractures – In depth
      • Horst & graben
      • Thrust fault
      • Unconformity
  • Reservoir rocks
    1. Sedimentary Basins
      • Tectonics & sedimentation
      • Requirements for Reservoir Formation
      • 5 steps to Heaven
      • Sedimentary Basin Formation – In-depth
      • Formation of basins at Diverging Margins
      • Formation of basins at Converging Margins
      • Formation of basins at Transform Margins
      • Basins within continents
    2. Reservoir Rock Types
      • Types of reservoirs
      • Characteristics of Clastic reservoirs
      • Characteristics of Chemical reservoirs
    3. Reservoir Rock characteristics
      • Porosity
      • Types & characters of porosity
      • Primary & secondary porosity
      • Porosity measurement
      • Permeability & permeability measurement
    4. Reservoir rock Features
      • Reservoir features
      • Traps & various type of traps
      • Structural trap
      • Fault traps
      • Diapiric traps
      • Stratigraphic traps
      • Hydrodynamic traps
      • Combination traps
  • Reservoir fluids & behaviour
    1. Sediment to Source rock
      • Chemistry & mechanism of crude generation
      • Sediment deposition at various environments
    2. Source rock to reservoir rock
      • Expulsion
      • Primary migration
      • Secondary migration
      • Tertiary migration
      • Classification of Hydrocarbons based on occurrence
    3. Petroleum chemistry
      • Various forms of Hydrocarbon
      • Composition of crude
      • Non Hydrocarbons in crude
    4. Classification of Hydrcarbons
      • Classification based on composition
      • Classification based on base formation
      • Classification based on characterisation factor
      • Classification based on API gravity
      • Classification based on Gas-Oil ratio
      • Classification based on Heptane + contents
      • Classification based on Phase behaviour – In-Depth
    5. Natural gas calculations
      • Equation fo state
      • Critical properties
      • Principle of Corresponding States
      • Kay’s Rule
      • Pipeline Calculations
    6. Reservoir Measurements
      • Reservoir pressure
      • Reservoir temperature
      • Oil-water contact
      • Gas-oil contact
      • Transition zone
  • Formation Evaluation
    1. Initial Formation Evaluation
      • Oil formation volume factor
      • Gas formation volume factor
      • Solution gas-oil ratio
      • Producing gas-oil ratio
      • Volumetric Method of formation evaluation for Oil & Gas reservoirs
      • Material balance method of formation evaluation
    2. Hydrocarbon Production
      • Reservoir Drive mechanism
      • Primary recovery types & explanation
      • Secondary recovery techniques & explanation
      • Enhanced Oil recovery techniques & explanation
    3. Reservoir Well testing
      • Importance of reservoir well testing
      • Steps involved in well testing
      • Skin factor
      • Well testing performed on each well type
      • Well testing cycle
    4. Fundamentals of wells testing
      • Transient flow equations
      • Darcy’s law
      • Radial Diffusivity flow equation
      • Steady state flow equation
      • Pseudo-steady state flow equation
      • Pressure response of bounded reservoir system
      • Pressure response of steady state reservoir system
      • Pressure drawdown analysis
      • Reservoir limit test
      • Pressure buildup analysis
      • Radius of investigation
      • Fault detection
    5. Well Logging
      • Reasons for Logging
      • Method of well logging
      • Principles of well logging
      • Self potential logging
      • Gamma Ray logging – principle, equipments & Applications
      • Caliper log
      • Neutron log
      • Density log – principle & applications
      • Induction log – Principle & applications
      • Resistivity log – Tools & applications
      • Cement bond log
      • Thermal decay time log
      • Variable density log
      • Production logging tools

Course Objective:

The main objectives of the course are:

  1. To provide an In-depth understanding to non geologists about the Geology of the earth, while paying particular attention to the sedimentary rocks & basins
  2. To explain how tectonic movements aid the rock deformation process and the subsequent formation of folds & faults in rocks
  3. To explain why sedimentary rocks are more suited to become reservoir rocks and the requirements for a sedimentary rock to become a reservoir rock
  4. To make the student understand the formation & importance of traps in Oil & Gas industry
  5. To explain the processes of crude formation and crude migration
  6. To impart the knowledge about the classification & measurement of hydrocarbons
  7. To introduce the various formation evaluation techniques and various logging methods used in the industry to evaluate the reservoir

Student Handouts:

More than 175 pages of handout notes will be provided to the participants during the class. The e-version of these handouts will also be available on the INFONIX for the participant to access, for up to 90 days from the start of the course.

Tutor Information:

Mr. Vipin Bhalla, Drilling Manager (Rtd), has over 30 years of hands-on experience in Drilling & completion. He has held various positions at all levels in his extensive career from Driller to Drilling Manager. He has worked on Rigs across India and also has more than 5 years experience as Drilling Supervisor in Kuwait, Abu Dhabi & Oman. During his experience which spreads across 4 decades, he has vast experience in tackling well kicks, total Mud loss scenarios, drilling high pressure gas wells, drilling wells with horizontal drain holes, executing well killing operations, drilling wells up to 4,800mts deep, drilling highly deviated, horizontal and extended reach wells, drilling HPHT wells, drilled wells with high degree of cavings and differential sticking problems, Performed Fishing operations, to name a few of the feathers in his cap. He has vast practical knowledge in drilling, completion, well intervention, drilling re-entry wells, MWD systems and HSEQ management at rigs. He has also got a few years of experience in co-coordinating Rig construction & Rig refurbishment operations.

Method of delivery:

The instruction is conducted in a classroom provided with a spacious & a friendly environment for the students. Each individual will have separate seating arrangement, with enough space providing comfort. Projector & board will be used to show slides and to explain concepts. Beside this, reading room & desktops with internet facility is available for every individual student to further enrich their knowledge outside class hours. KIER has developed an online self assessment portal called INFONIX were every participant can log into their account (username & password will be provided by the institute) were they can take self assessment for the course they have enrolled for and also can read the electronic version of each module. The user account will stay active for 3 months from the date of joining.

Access to Course content via INFONIX :

KIER has developed an online self assessment portal called INFONIX were every participant can log into their account (username & password will be provided by the institute upon registration) were they can access the course content and take self assessment for the course they have enrolled for. The course content includes, more than 175 pages of class handouts, presentation slides used while taking the class and other relevant reference material. The user account will stay active for 90 days from the first day of the class.

Examination and pass percentage:

Examination will be conducted at the last day of the course. The examination will be in the form of multiple choice questions. Totally 50 questions needs to be answered and the student needs to score more than 60% to pass the examination.

Course completion certificate:

Candidates who have scored more than 60% in the exam conducted at the end of the course, will be presented with a course completion certificate. This certificate can be either sent via courier or can be collected at the office.

Course calendar:

  • Course
  • Petroleum Geoscience & Formation Evaluation
  • Week
  • Day
  • Session-1
    9 am to 12 pm
  • Session-2
    2 pm to 5 pm
  • 1
  • Monday
  • Basic Geology
  • Basic Geology
  • Tuesday
  • Geological Time
  • Rock Deformations
  • Wednesday
  • Sedimentary Basins
  • Reservoir Rock Types
  • Thursday
  • Reservoir Rock Characters
  • Reservoir Rock Features
  • Friday
  • Crude Formation
  • Crude Migration
  • 2
  • Monday
  • Petroleum Chemistry
  • Classification Of HC
  • Tuesday
  • Natural Gas Calculations
  • Reservoir Measurements
  • Wednesday
  • Initial Formation Evaluation
  • HC production
  • Thursday
  • Reservoir Well testing & Transient well testing
  • Well Logging
  • Friday
  • Discussion & Doubts Clarification
  • Final Exams

Student complaints & feedback system:

KIER is committed to providing a good quality education which meets or exceeds the participant’s expectations. One of the ways we continue to improve our standards is by listening to the participant’s comments about our course. At the end of the course, participants will be invited to fill out a Feedback Form which will be accessed and necessary actions will be taken. The participants can also make complaints, comments and feedback at any time during the course. We are committed to learn from the comments that we receive and improve the quality of the courses offered.

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