Primary Processing & Transport Pipelines

Course name:

Primary Processing & Transport Pipelines

Course level:

Fundamental level



Target Audience:

  • Diploma or Undergraduate degree holders from any discipline
  • Working Professionals in Energy Sector
  • Candidates with Engineering experience, who are interested about the Subject matter

Entry requirements:

The candidates should be either a diploma or undergraduate degree holder or pursuing such a degree while applying.

Application procedure:

Students need to make a formal application via KIER website no later than a week before commencement of classes.

After their application & qualifications are assessed, they will be invited to pay the fee and confirm their seat.

Number of seats:

30 per batch

Course description:

This 2 weeks course starts off by providing a brief description about the various crude types produced around the world and its properties & contaminants which can affect the surface production facilities. It details the initial processing facility and the associated processes which are performed to remove the contaminants from crude. It explains the various machinery, valve, safety systems & equipments used and various measurements taken on the surface production facilities. Finally it also explains about the various offshore structures and the various decommissioning options available.

Course content:

  • Basic Properties of Metals
    • Stress-Strain Diagram
    • Tensile Properties
    • Heat Treatment of Metals
    • Heat Treatment Cycle
    • General Loads
    • Regions of Elasticity, Plasticity, Yield Strength etc.
  • Gas Sweetening
    • Gas Quality Specifications
    • Gas Dehydration
    • Gas Sweetening Processes
    • Sulphur Removal & Nitrogen Recovery
  • Gas Dehydration
    • Hydrate Locus formation & stability
    • Hydrate Structures
    • Water Content of Natural Gas
    • Hydrate Prevention Strategies
    • Glycol Dehydration Plant Design & Operation
    • TEG Glycol Dehydrator
  • Oil Treatment
    • Oil Treatment System
    • Emulsions & De-emulsifiers
    • Coalescence
    • Heater Treater Equipment (Vertical and Horizontal)
  • Hydrocarbon Allocation
    • Allocation System (Product Quality, Reconciliation System)
    • Oil and Gas Allocation for shared EXPORT facility
  • Transportation
    • Reservoir to Storage/Processing Facility
    • Three phase fluids
    • Subsea Production Systems
    • Supertankers
    • Liquid Natural Gas
    • Accidents & Causes
    • Pipelines & Pipeline network
  • Corrosion Control
    • Consequences of Corrosion
    • Protection of Corrosion
    • Factors affecting Corrosion
    • Preventive Maintenance
    • Different Types of Corrosion
    • Corrosion Mechanisms (CO2, SCC, Oxygen, Crevice etc.)
  • Subsea Flow lines

    • Subsea Flow lines, Transient Flow and Terrain Slug Prediction
    • Flow Regimes
    • Flow Variables for Two phase flow
    • Slug Flow- Reasons, Classification & Consequences
    • Slug reduction/elimination techniques
  • Subsea Manifold Flow lines
    • Subsea pipeline bundle
    • Subsea Pipeline and Flow line Tie-Ins
    • Connection Systems
    • Subsea Manifold Systems
  • Subsea Processing
    • Subsea Processing (What/Why)
    • Benefits of Subsea Processing
    • Subsea Development Strategy
    • Benefit of Multi-phase Boosting
    • Subsea Separation
  • Subsea Well Intervention
    • The Subsea Subsurface
    • Types of well work
    • Why do we intervene Subsea wells?
    • Well intervention considerations
    • Types of Subsea Intervention
    • Subsea Well Intervention categories
    • Subsea Well Intervention – The Tree
    • ROV use in Subsea Interventions
    • AUV – Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
  • Subsea Wellhead Trees Control
    • The Layout of Subsea System elements
    • Subsea Wellheads
    • Wellhead Connectors
    • Subsea Trees
    • Pressure and Structural Design Considerations of Subsea Trees
    • Subsea BOP Control Systems
    • Multiplex Control Systems
  • Offshore Drilling Rigs

    • History of Offshore Drilling
    • Types of Offshore Drilling Rig
    • Rack-and-pinion system
    • Yoke-and-pin system
  • Stability of Floating Vessels
    • Definitions(Stability, Buoyancy, Archimedes’ Principle)
    • Stability of floating bodies
    • Standards of Stability
    • Motion of a Ship
  • Pipelines & Piping Systems
    • Codes and Standards
    • Corrosion
    • Flexibility
    • Expansion loop
    • Pipe Joints
    • Piping Drawings and Nomenclature
    • Instrumentation Symbols
    • Choke Line Manifold
  • Pipeline Design Criteria
    • ASME Codes
    • Division of the codes
    • Pipeline Design Flowchart
    • Pipeline Design Considerations
    • Pipeline Wall Thickness Selection
    • Pipeline Stress Checks
  • Pipeline Installation Methods
    • Deep-water Pipeline Installation
    • Pipe Burst Test
    • Pipeline Installation Methods
    • Installation Analysis
    • Selection of Installation Method
    • Types Of Pipelay Vessels
    • Comparison of Lay Barge Methods
    • Laying Problems
    • Pipeline Towing Methods
  • Pipeline Bending Methods
    • Bending Methods for Pipe
    • Bending Failure - Defects and Corrections
    • Stress is Thick – walled Tubes or Cylinders
  • Non Destructive Testing
    • Information required prior to testing
    • Methods
    • Radiography Testing
    • Ultrasonic Testing
    • Magnetic Particle Testing
    • Liquid Penetrant Testing
    • Eddy Current Testing
    • Visual Inspection
    • Other Less Commonly Used NDT Methods
    • Final report
    • Reliability and statistics
  • Course Objective:

    The main objectives of the course are:

    1. To impart essential knowledge about the various Initial processes performed on the crude, to remove contaminants, and to bring the crude to the desired state
    2. To provide deeper understanding of the reasons behind performing the Initial processes by explaining about what might happen if those processes are not performed
    3. To explain how crude export facilities such as offshore pipelines are shared among operators and the complex allocation system involved.
    4. To provide an in-depth knowledge about the various crude transportation methods and how the crude characters affect the transportation method employed
    5. To provide an understanding about corrosion control during transportation & storage of crude
    6. To introduce Various Subsea flow lines, the various flow regimes possible within the flow lines and how they affect the transportation of the crude.
    7. To justify the need for Subsea processing, and the various subsea processing employed across the world.
    8. To provide an in-depth understanding about Subsea well intervention and how& Why they are performed
    9. To impart knowledge about Subsea well control methods and the equipments used
    10. To explain about various offshore drilling & production facilities and how they are held stable with respect to the subsea well
    11. To provide a basic understanding about the pipeline design and the design criteria
    12. To explain the various Pipeline Installation methods and the barges used lay the pipelines
    13. To explain the bending of pipeline over long distance and its effects during laying of pipeline and during its operation
    14. To provide in-depth knowledge about the various NDT techniques, the principal behind them and their application in Oil & Gas Industry

    Student Handouts:

    More than 260 pages of handout notes will be provided to the participants during the class. The e-version of these handouts will also be available on the INFONIX for the participant to access, for up to 90 days from the start of the course.

    Tutor Information:

    Mr. S.B. Srivastava, General manger of Construction & Maintenance (Rtd) department of ONGC, has over 32 years of field experience with process facilities. He has extensive experience in execution and handling of LSTK / EPIC contracts for various pipelines, Process facilities, eg.GGS, GCS, Crude Oil Tanks Farm, Effluent treatment Plant construction at Offshore as well as Onshore Assets. Over the years he has held several positions within ONGC, which includes being Project Head for construction of 6 offshore well platforms and Project Manager for construction of 5 other offshore well platforms. He has also held the position of ‘Head of Pipeline & Civil Works’ and carried out construction of Trunk & Flow pipelines and drill site civil construction work. He has also worked as ‘Group Head & Design Manager’ for various offshore well platform & subsea pipeline projects. He has also got more than 12 years of hands on experience in various pipeline laying projects, both offshore & onshore. He was involved in the first ever offshore underwater pipe laying project in India in the year 1985, and laid a 36” dia pipeline from an offshore platform to onshore terminal.

    Method of delivery:

    The instruction is conducted in a classroom provided with a spacious & a friendly environment for the students. Each individual will have separate seating arrangement, with enough space providing comfort. Projector & board will be used to show slides and to explain concepts. Beside this, reading room & desktops with internet facility is available for every individual student to further enrich their knowledge outside class hours. KIER has developed an online self assessment portal called INFONIX were every participant can log into their account (username & password will be provided by the institute) were they can take self assessment for the course they have enrolled for and also can read the electronic version of each module. The user account will stay active for 3 months from the date of joining.

    Access to Course content via INFONIX :

    KIER has developed an online self assessment portal called INFONIX, where every participant can log into their account (username & password will be provided by the institute upon registration), where they can access the course content and take self assessment tests for the course they have enrolled for. The course content includes more than 260 pages of class handouts, presentation slides used during the class and other relevant reference material. The user account will stay active for 90 days from the first day of the class.

    Examination and pass percentage:

    Examination will be conducted at the last day of the course. The examination will be in the form of multiple choice questions. Totally 50 questions needs to be answered and the student needs to score more than 60% to pass the examination.

    Course completion certificate:

    Candidates, who have scored more than 60% in the exam conducted at the end of the course, will be presented with a course completion certificate. This certificate can be either sent via courier or can be collected at the office.

    Course calendar:

    • Course
    • Primary Processing & Transportation Pipeline
    • Week
    • Day
    • Session-1
      9 am to 12 pm
    • Session-2
      2 pm to 5 pm
    • 1
    • Monday
    • Basic Properties Of Metals
    • Gas Sweetening
    • Tuesday
    • Gas Dehydration
    • Oil Treatment
    • Wednesday
    • Hydrocarbon Allocation
    • Transportation
    • Thursday
    • Corrosion Control
    • Subsea Flow Lines
    • Friday
    • Subsea Manifold Flow Lines
    • Subsea Processing
    • 2
    • Monday
    • Subsea Well Intervention
    • Wellhead Trees Control
    • Tuesday
    • Offshore Drilling Rigs
    • Floating Of Offshore Vessels
    • Wednesday
    • Piping Systems
    • Pipeline Design Criteria & Installation Methods
    • Thursday
    • Pipeline Bending
    • Non Destructive Testing
    • Friday
    • Discussion & Doubts Clarification
    • Final Exams

    Student complaints & feedback system:

    KIER is committed to providing a good quality education which meets or exceeds the participant’s expectations. One of the ways we continue to improve our standards is by listening to the participant’s comments about our course. At the end of the course, participants will be invited to fill out a Feedback Form which will be accessed and necessary actions will be taken. The participants can also make complaints, comments and feedback at any time during the course. We are committed to learn from the comments that we receive and improve the quality of the courses offered.

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